Practicing Since : 2015 New Delhi
- Divorce & Alimony
- Customs & Central Ex
- Corporate Law
- Consumer Grievances
- Cheque Bounce
- Arbitration & Concil
- Intellectual propert
The term criminal pertains to or involves crimes and the subsequent administration of justice accordingly. Additionally, a criminal is a person who has conducted himself in a manner causing social harm that calls for punishment according to the degree of offence as prescribed by law. There are two basic conditions for establishment of criminality: The accused must exhibit some guilt of mind or mens rea; and must actually carry out the criminal act. This is called actus reus. Criminal acts may be broadly classified into serious crimes, major offences, contravention of law or a slight or trivial breach of the legal system.
Civil cases comprise noncriminal lawsuits and usually involve disputes over private property. Civil cases are heard for contractual breach, divorce, probate, protection of intellectual property rights, negligence, encroachment, payment of compensation & damages and getting injunctions against wrongful parties. Civil cases are also known as civil proceedings, civil actions, or civil suits. Civil cases are initiated by an entity or person called a plaintiff with a claim that some other entity or person called the defendant has failed to keep his promise to the former. Both plaintiff and defendant are called litigants or parties. Civil cases are fought in both state and Supreme courts.
Divorce & Alimony
The process of divorce implies the dissolution of any legalized marriage by way of a competent and recognized court. According to the fault, offences and guilt theories, a marriage is dissolvable only if either party involved in the said marriage has to his credit any matrimonial offence. There are two parties to a divorce: the guilty and the innocent and only the latter can seek a divorce. However, if both contenders are at fault, a remedy cannot be found. Divorce can also happen by mutual consent at the free will of both parties where mutual incompatibility is the main cause.
Customs & Central Excise
Customs taxes or tariffs are payable on goods and merchandise that are either importable or exportable between countries. Most customs laws are framed to equalize charges that are imposed by foreign countries in order to preserve financial stability in domestic industries. Generally, household goods which were bought and used abroad for one year are importable without the payment of customs duties, provided the intention is not to sell them. Excise tax is imposed on the production and sale of certain specific goods within a particular country and these happen to be inland taxes as compared to customs duties which are deemed as border taxes.
The word corporate refers to any activity related to corporations, known to be the most common type of business organization. Such organizations are chartered by the government of the country in which they function, have their unique legal rights and are entities that are separate from their owners. A corporate entity is usually characterized by its owners’ limited liability and is empowered to issue easily transferable shares . Incorporation is the process of creating the corporation and subsequently gives the latter a unique legal standing separate from the owners. The owners are subsequently protected from personal liabilities if the corporate is used.
Consumer complaints, also called customer complaints are situations where consumers express their dissatisfaction to a party responsible for such dissatisfaction. It usually concerns a problem regarding a service or product. A genuine consumer complaint is also a pointer to the manufacturer or service provider where exactly he is going wrong or lacks in terms of quality. These are usually informal in nature and are addressed directly to companies or service providers who go about resolving them. However, if the company or service provider fails to resolve the issue, the consumer may approach a Consumer Forum for award of appropriate compensation.
Documentation may be defined as sets of documents provided on actual paper and online, digital media like compat ible discs or audio tapes. Documentation may be distributed through software products, websites as also any other digital applications. Professionals who are educated in documentation are termed documentalists. This is also called information science. Corporate communicators and technical writers are professionals who work in the sphere of documentation. Ideally, any technical writer has a background covering both subject matter and writing while also managing content or information architecture. While engaging in documentation, a technical writer collaborates with SMEs or Subject Matter Experts to first define and subsequently create relevant content to meet user needs.Specializing documentation involves Marketing Communications, Technical Communication, Legal Writing and Compliance Documentation.
Cheque bouncing occurs when a cheque cannot be honored in favor of the recipient because its writer had insufficient funds. A dishonored cheque is returned to its writer and a penalty is charged. A bounced cheque is also called a rubber, bad or dishonored cheque. According to Sec 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, the payee has the right to initiate criminal proceedings against the payer and this is a punishable offence. Alternately, the payee can re-present the bounced cheque within 6 months. However, cheques issued as gifts or loans don’t imply any legal liability and indemnifies the payer from prosecution.
Arbitration & Conciliation
Arbitration is the settlement of any dispute by an unbiased third party chosen by those involved in the said dispute with the inclination to mutually agree with that third party’s judgment. An arbitrator conducts a hearing where both parties are heard and the decision is taken thereafter. Arbitration is a widely accepted method for dispute settlement and eliminates unnecessary litigation, time wastage and costs. This is an out-of-court settlement where the arbitrator's judgment is accepted as final with courts rarely reexamining them. Traditionally, commerce and labor issues came mostly under arbitration but more recently, issues related to insurance claims, antitrust and securities are being arbitrated upon.
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