The Varna system in the ancient India led to caste-discrimination, due to which the Indian state made policies like a caste-based reservation. The motive of reservation policy was to uplift the oppressed and economically backwards citizens. The expression ‘reservation’- alternatively referred as to as ‘affirmative action’ or ‘positive discrimination’ or ‘compensatory discrimination’ – refers to justice granted to persons belonging to historically disadvantaged groups. In India, reservations mandated by the Constitution are implemented in the form of percentage-based quotas favoring citizens on the basis of the caste they belong to. But today Reservation is that cancer which is soon leading to an apocalypse which has become inevitable because it’s not on the basis of a person’s income but on the basis of the person’s caste. Oppression was not and will never be a privilege, but it is becoming one these days.
And the Mandal commission in 1979 led to one of the greatest paradox in the Indian Constitution since on one side article 14 ensures equality and there should be no discrimination on the grounds of race , sex , caste and religion. But on the other side article 16 is vitiating the spirit of the constitutional ethos. This makes the whole concept of equality a trite.
The image which this reservation policy portrays is that how inefficient and lethargic the governance has become. This approach that a certain section of the society will always need that extra help from the Government for their livelihood. And those sections are rotting and are oppressed which is deemed by the recruiters and the policy makers. It’s a big black fat question mark on our credibility and capability, where after 70 years of Independence the most of its population is the slave of their own misery. Equality cannot be imposed, and when it is imposed then it never liberates. By providing these discriminated sections of society free education and basic necessities, the State can evade the problem of discrimination and inequality. But giving these discriminated sections everything on a platter whenever it comes to jobs or recruitments or admissions is an injustice because it’s not given on the basis of financial incapability’s but because he belongs to a particular jati or a caste . Perhaps empowerment becomes a farce. These discriminated sections of the society develop a psyche of disability and dependency where they will always need crutches to stand. These crutches are exactly what reservation policy means in this country today.
The intellectuals today quite often discuss the serious issue of brain drain. And they try to come up with various causes for this. But the fundamental cause is a reservation. When people’s worth and competence is not appreciated because they don’t fit into a certain percentage of the “privileged” ones then they will look for better opportunities outside the country.
Reservation for the people who are economically backwards and are under some kind of duress is absolutely appropriate. But reservation on the basis of caste is everything but not a boon for this country because it’s killing the aspirations and the future of the youth of the nation. Instead of eroding the caste inequality it’s digging a graveyard for the term “equality”.
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